Quran vs Bible
There are many facets to the Bible vs. Quran debate on the differences, as well as similarities, between the two.
The Quran and the Bible are the holy books of the two worldwide religions of Islam and Christianity, respectively.
There are a lot of similarities between the religions in terms of its place of origin which is the present Middle East, some of the concepts and values that they support, the conception of monotheism and the like.
It is natural for anybody to draw a comparison between the two books that offer the substantial philosophical basis to the religions.
It is only a thorough study that can reveal the differences between both the books.
A layman’s view might give you an impression that both of them are similar.
Of course they do, but there seems to be overwhelming and cardinal differences between the two.
The Quran consists of the utterances of the messenger of God, in the guise of Gabriel as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad.
The book is a dictation in that sense.
It is written in the first person pronoun as God speaking directly to the humankind through the Prophet.
It was compiled after the death of Muhammad by the Caliphs who succeeded him.
The Quran was revealed over a period of just 23 years.
Prophet Muhammad received his first revelation in the Cave of Hira.
Thereafter, he received rest of the revelations over a period of twenty-three years.
The Quran is not arranged chronologically.
The Quran is considered to have only one author.
The Quran is mentioned as a whole often in the Quran.
The word Quran appears about 70 times in the Quran itself.
Quran is considered as the only self-referential religious text.
The Quran has only one version.
The Quran is believed to be preserved in its original form.
Present day Quran is accepted by historians as the original version compiled by Abu Bakr shortly after Muhammad’s death.
Presently, Quran has been presented in 112 languages.
Bible is a collection of smaller books written over a long time period in comparison to that of the Quran.
The Bible consists of about sixty books.
In the Bible, we have many prophets of God speaking on behalf of Him to the people.
The book consists of commentaries authored by many men.
You also have sometimes, the word of God directly revealed to the humankind.
The Bible also gives narratives of the history of the Jewish people and of the early community of the Christians.
It is quite interesting to note that the Bible was compiled over a period of 13 centuries.
The Bible is arranged chronologically.
The Bible is considered to have many authors.
The Bible as a whole is not mentioned even once in the Bible.
It is quite important to note that there are seven versions of the Bible.
The Bible is believed to have been constructed from the lost originals.
The oldest complete manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible date from the Middle Ages.
The New Testament has been translated into 1,185 languages and Bible (Protestant Canon) in 451 languages.
The one common and popular narrative in both the books is the story of the Creation by God.
Though the storyline is similar, there are actual differences which can be learned only with careful observation.
From the very beginning onwards, there are differences.
A careful, thorough and analytical study of both the books is more than enough to render the hypothesis that the Quran is copied from Bible as incorrect.
The Bible, especially the New Testament holds that Jesus is the Son of God, while Quran considers Jesus as only one of the many prophets who had been sent to the humankind by the God.
Thus Quran directly negates the Godliness and divinity attached to Jesus.
Both the holy books profess ethics.
Both the books give its followers a roadmap to heaven, the guidelines for a life that is pleasing to the Lord God.
However, both the ethical narrative is slightly nuanced.
The difference that creeps up here is in these nuanced professions of the ethics.
It is quite important to note that there are seven versions of the Bible compiled over a period of 13 centuries whereas the Quran has only one version was revealed over a period of just 23 years.
The Ten Commandments are a set of biblical principles relating to ethics and worship
The commandments play a fundamental role in Judaism and Christianity.
They include instructions to worship only God, as well as prohibitions against idolatry, blasphemy, murder, theft, dishonesty, and adultery.
Islam acknowledges the basic prohibitions given in the Ten Commandments.
After all, God is one and His message to mankind has been consistent throughout time.
Listed below are the Ten Commandments along with similar verses found in the Quran.
You shall have no other GODS before Me
And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him
You shall not have any false idols
And they set up (idols) as equal to Allah, to mislead (men) from the Path. Say, Enjoy yourselves, for indeed, your destination is the Fire
You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain
[The Prophet] has said, My Lord, judge [between us] in truth. And our Lord is the Most Merciful, the one whose help is sought against that (blasphemy) which you describe
Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy
you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the prayer on the day of Jumu’ah [Friday], then proceed to the remembrance of Allah and leave trade
Honor your father and your mother
And to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], “uff,” and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word
You shall not murder
You shall not take life, which God has made sacred, except by way of justice and law
You shall not commit adultery
And do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse (Adultery). Indeed, it is ever an immorality and is evil as a way
You shall not steal
And do not consume one another’s wealth unjustly (in any illegal way e.g. stealing, robbing, deceiving, etc.)
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbour
And if you give your word, do it justice, even if a near relative is concerned; and fulfill your obligations before God
You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; your neighbor’s wife, or anything that belongs to your neighbours
And to parents do good, and to relatives, orphans, the needy, the near neighbor, the neighbor farther away, the companion at your side, the traveler, and those whom your right hands possess
- The Quran is the holy book of the Muslims worldwide. The Bible is the holy scripture of the Christians.
- Due to the similarity between both the religions, one might be mistaken that the holy books too might be the same which is actually not the case.
- The differences are many starting right from the story of Creation which is a common feature of both the books.
- The Quran is considered to be the utterances of the messenger of the God, written in the first person pronoun. Some parts of the Bible are in the form of dictation while some are narratives.
- One of the main differences between the Bible and the Quran is that the Bible as a whole is not mentioned even once in the Bible. The Quran, on the other hand, is mentioned as a whole often in the Quran. The word Quran appears about 70 times in the Quran itself. Quran is considered as the only self-referential religious text.
- Bible has many authors. Quran only has one author.
- The Bible says that Jesus is the God in flesh whereas the Quran says that Jesus is not God.
- Jesus was crucified according to the Bible, but according to the Quran Jesus was not crucified.
- The Bible says that Jesus rose from death, whereas the Quran says that Jesus did not rise from death.
- Jesus was the son of God according to the Bible whereas Jesus was not the son of God according to the Quran.
- The Bible guarantees salvation by grace, whereas the Quran says that salvation is possible by sincerity to work.
- The Devil is a fallen angel according to the Bible, whereas the Devil is not a fallen angel but fallen Jinn according to the Quran.
- Man, according to the Bible is a fallen sinner, whereas the Quran says that man is not a sinner, but he is basically good.
- The Bible would say that the disciples were Christians, whereas the Quran would say that the disciples would declare themselves as Muslims.
- Numerous miracles were recorded according to the Bible, whereas the Quran says that miracles were not recorded. It would, in fact, say that the Quran itself is a miracle.
- The Bible makes innumerable prophecies, whereas the Quran does not make prophecies.
- The Bible recommends worships on Sabbath and on Sundays, whereas the Quran recommends worships on Fridays.
- The Holy Spirit will bear the witness of Jesus according to the Bible whereas the Holy Spirit is the angel Gabriel according to the Quran.